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Foxconn suicides

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   Series of deaths in Foxconn City, China

   The Foxconn suicides were a spate of suicides linked to low pay and
   brutal working conditions at the Foxconn City industrial park in
   Shenzhen, China, that occurred alongside several additional suicides at
   various other Foxconn-owned locations and facilities in mainland
   China.^[1] The series of suicides drew media attention, and employment
   practices at Foxconn--one of the world's largest contract electronics
   manufacturers--were investigated by several of its customers, including
   Apple and Hewlett-Packard (HP).^[2]
   [ ]


     * 1 Events of suicide
          + 1.1 Pre-2010
          + 1.2 2010
          + 1.3 2011
          + 1.4 2012
          + 1.5 2013
          + 1.6 2016
          + 1.7 2018
     * 2 Response
          + 2.1 Foxconn clients
          + 2.2 Reports
          + 2.3 Crisis management
          + 2.4 Foxconn
          + 2.5 Protests
     * 3 Analysis
     * 4 See also
     * 5 References
     * 6 External links

Events of suicide[edit]


   While 2010 was a notable year for the company in numbers of suicides;
   preceding years saw suicides being reported as well.
   English name Chinese name Sex Age Suicide attempt date Description
   Mr. Hou Unknown; Family name: Male 19 18 Jun 2007 Hanged himself in a
   company bathroom.^[3]^[4] Deceased
   Sun Dan-yong Male 25 16 Jul 2009 Threw himself from an apartment
   building^[5] after losing an iPhone prototype in his possession.^[6]
   Prior to death, he claimed he was beaten and his residence searched by
   Foxconn employees.^[6] Deceased


   English name Chinese name Sex Age Suicide attempt date Description
   Ma Xiang-qian ^[7] Male 19 23 Jan 2010 Threw himself from
   building^[8]^[2] Deceased
   Mr. Li Unknown; Family name: ^[7] Male 28^[2] 11 Mar 2010 Threw himself
   from building^[9] Unknown
   Tian Yu ^[7] Female 17 17 Mar 2010 Threw herself from building^[9]
   Paralyzed from waist down^[10]
   Mr. Lau Unknown; Family name: ^[7] Male 23 29 Mar 2010 Threw himself
   from building^[9] Unknown
   Rao Shu-qin Female 18^[2] 6 Apr 2010 Threw herself from building^[9]
   Ms. Ning Unknown; Family name: Female 18 7 Apr 2010 Threw herself from
   building^[9] Deceased^[2]
   Lu Xin ^[7] Male 24 6 May 2010 Threw himself from building^[9]
   Zhu Chen-ming ^[7] Female 24 11 May 2010 Threw herself from
   building^[12] Deceased^[2]
   Liang Chao ^[7] Male 21 14 May 2010 Threw himself from building^[13]
   Nan Gan ^[7] Male 21 21 May 2010 Threw himself from building^[14]
   Li Hai Male 19 25 May 2010 Threw himself from building^[15]
   Mr. He Unknown; Family name: ^[7] Male 23 26 May 2010 Threw himself
   from building^[16] Unknown
   Mr. Chen Unknown; Family name: ^[7] Male 25 27 May 2010 Suicide
   Mr. Liu Unknown; Family name: Male 18 20 Jul 2010 Threw himself from
   the sixth floor of a dormitory building^[17]^[18] Deceased^[18]
   Unknown Unknown Male 23^[19] 5 Nov 2010 Threw himself from
   building^[20]^[21] Deceased^[21]


   English name Chinese name Sex Age Suicide attempt date Description
   Wang Ling Unknown Female 25 7 Jan 2011 Jumped from building after being
   sent to a psychiatric hospital Deceased^[22]
   Unknown Unknown Male 20 26 May 2011 Threw himself from building. Died
   in Deyuan town, Chengdu (possibly in Pi County) Deceased^[23]
   Mr. Cai Unknown; Family name: Male 21^[24] July 2011^[25] Threw himself
   from building at Shenzhen plant.^[25] Deceased
   Li Rongying Unknown Female 20 23 November 2011 Threw herself from
   building Deceased^[26]


   English name Chinese name Sex Age Suicide attempt date Description
   Unknown Unknown Male 23 14 June 2012 Threw himself from building

   Additionally, 150 Chinese workers threatened suicide in protest on 2
   January 2012.^[28]


   English name Chinese name Sex Age Suicide attempt date Description
   Xu Lizhi Male 24 24 April 2013 Threw himself from building


   Eva Dou of The Wall Street Journal reported the suicide of a
   31-year-old night shift worker at Foxconn's production building in
   Zhengzhou on 18 August 2016.^[30]


   English name Chinese name Sex Age Suicide attempt date Description
   Li Ming Male 31 6 January 2018 Threw himself from building


Foxconn clients[edit]

   Apple issued a public statement about the suicides, and company
   spokesperson Steven Dowling said "[Apple is] saddened and upset by the
   recent suicides at Foxconn... A team from Apple is independently
   evaluating the steps they are taking to address these tragic events,
   and we will continue our ongoing inspections of the facilities where
   our products are made." The statement was released after the results
   from the company's probe into its suppliers' labor practices were
   published in early 2010. Foxconn was not specifically named in the
   report, but Apple suggested poor treatment of workers in facilities
   that manufacture its products may include violations of labor laws,
   violations of Apple's own rules for suppliers, and child labor^[32]
   (workers as young as 14 could legally work in China through special
   programs around the time this report was compiled).^[citation needed]

   Apple committed to the implementation of changes following the
   suicides, but in late 2014 news reports of labor issues at another
   factory of a Chinese supplier also surfaced.^[33]


   The 2010 suicides prompted 20 Chinese universities to compile an
   83-page report on Foxconn, which they described as a "labor camp".
   Interviews of 1,800 Foxconn workers at 12 factories found evidence of
   illegal overtime and failure to report accidents. The report also
   criticized Foxconn's management style, which it called inhumane and
   abusive.^[34] Additionally, long working hours,^[35] discrimination
   towards Mainland Chinese workers by their Taiwanese coworkers,^[36] and
   a lack of working relationships^[37] were all presented as potential
   problems in the university report.

   A 2012 audit of Foxconn performed by the Fair Labor Association, at the
   request of Apple Inc., suggested that workplace accidents might be
   commonplace and that workers may consider overtime pay

Crisis management[edit]

   During the first two and a half months, which included six of the
   fourteen deaths from suicide, Foxconn took a "no comment" approach to
   their business crisis.^[39] This left them vulnerable to media attacks,
   allowing the media to fill in their own information about the
   suicides.^[40] Li and Xu made a statement, in their case study about
   the business' suicides, that "Foxconn's series of employee suicides
   were severe events in the mind of the general public, and its 'no
   comment' strategy led to a more negative perception of its reputation
   and severe consequences."^[39] After the sixth suicide, Liu Kun, a
   spokesperson for Foxconn, stated that they were handling the
   crisis.^[39] He also started using a "denial strategy" to avoid any
   blame for the suicides and instead directed the fault at "the victims
   and societal problems."^[39]

   One of the ways Foxconn started handling the crisis was to require that
   employees sign a waiver stating that Foxconn would not be made liable
   if any individuals were to commit suicide.^[41] This, however, caused
   more troubles for Foxconn and they eventually retracted the document.
   After they removed the waiver, they installed safety netting around the
   facility to prevent future suicides.^[41] Foxconn also implemented a
   pay raise from 950 yuan to 1200 yuan, but they in turn increased their
   quota by twenty percent as well.^[42] Lastly, Foxconn opened their
   doors to two-hundred journalists.^[39] Foxconn informed the writers
   that they were taking extra steps for the future; which included safety
   netting and more help hotlines for employees to be able to call.^[39]


   The chairman of Foxconn, Terry Gou, made the following statement at a
   press conference focused on the controversy: "We are certainly not
   running a sweatshop. We are confident we'll be able to stabilize the
   situation soon. A manufacturing team of 800,000 people is very
   difficult to manage." At the time of the company's press conference,
   the factory complex where the deaths occurred employed up to 300,000

   In response to the suicides, Foxconn substantially increased wages for
   its Shenzhen factory workforce,^[44] installed suicide-prevention
   netting,^[45] brought in Buddhist monks to conduct prayer sessions^[35]
   and asked employees to sign no-suicide pledges.^[46] Workers were also
   required to sign a legally-binding document guaranteeing that they and
   their descendants would not sue the company as a result of unexpected
   death, self-injury or suicide.^[citation needed]


   In May 2010, the Students & Scholars Against Corporate Misbehaviour
   (SACOM) group held a protest in the lobby of Foxconn's Hong Kong
   headquarters. Around 25 protestors laid mannequins to rest and
   conducted funeral rites, while a spokesperson informed the media and
   onlookers: "We are staging the protest because of the high death rate
   [at Foxconn], with an abnormal number of workers committing suicide in
   the past five months".^[43] Activists from the Hong Kong Confederation
   of Trade Unions were also present and held signs that read "Foxconn
   lacks a conscience" and "Suicide is no accident". They also burned
   cardboard cutouts resembling iPhones.^[32]

   The family of Ma Xianqian, one of the dead workers, protested outside
   the Foxconn factory. On 28 May 2010, demonstrators protested outside
   Hon Hai's Taipei headquarters laying flowers for those who had died at
   the Foxconn plant. Taiwanese unions and labor activists were also
   present at the Taipei protest and displayed banners that displayed
   Chinese text that translates into English as: "For wealth and
   power--physical and mental health spent, hopes lost" and "For profit of
   the brand--youth spent, dreams shattered".^[47]

   On 8 June 2010, the date of Foxconn's Annual General Meeting, student
   protesters from an anti-Foxconn Hong Kong non-profit, Hong Kong labor
   unions and rights groups demonstrated outside a Hong Kong Apple

   A small group of young organizers picketed at an Apple store in San
   Francisco on 17 June 2010. The protesters carried placards showing the
   names and ages of the dead workers.^[47]


   ABC News^[48] and The Economist^[49] both conducted comparisons and
   found that although the number of workplace suicides at Foxconn was
   large in absolute terms, the suicide rate was actually lower than the
   overall suicide rate of China^[50] or the United States.^[51] According
   to a 2011 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report, China had
   a high suicide rate with approximately 22.23 deaths per 100,000
   persons.^[52] In 2010, the company's employee count was a reported
   930,000 people.^[53]

   Labor activists stated the suicides supported their assertion that
   numerous labor abuses take place at Foxconn.^[32] Economic conditions
   external to the company also might have been influential; during the
   same year, several major strike actions at other high-profile
   manufacturers occurred in China, and the Lewis turning-point is a
   macro-economic factor that might provide context for the events. If the
   above factors are true, it shows that there could be inconsistency
   between Foxconn's labor conditions and any progress in China's

   However, one expert claimed that employees were treated comparatively
   well at Foxconn. Boy Luethje, of Germany's Institute of Social
   Research, told The Economist that the company pays a minimum monthly
   wage of 900 yuan (US$130) as well as providing free recreational
   facilities, food, and lodging for employees at some of its factory
   complexes.^[55] Overtime, however, may be routinely demanded.^[56]

See also[edit]

     * Labor relations in China
     * 2010 Chinese labour unrest
     * France Telecom staff suicides
     * Suicide in the People's Republic of China
     * Xu Lizhi


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       The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 29 May 2010.
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       ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 18 November 2019.

External links[edit]

     * Sacom.hk Workers as Machines: Military Management in Foxconn.
       Report from Hong Kong-based non-profit Students & Scholars Against
       Corporate Misbehaviour (SACOM)
     * Deconstructing Foxconn video from Chinese University of Hong Kong
       professor Jack Qiu
     * 1 Million Workers. 90 Million iPhones. 17 Suicides. Who's to Blame?
       March 2011 cover story of Wired magazine

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