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Basile Bouchon

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   Bouchon's 1725 loom on display at the Musee des Arts et Metiers, Paris

   Basile Bouchon (French: [basil buSO~]) was a textile worker in the silk
   center in Lyon who invented a way to control a loom with a perforated
   paper tape in 1725.^[1] The son of an organ maker, Bouchon partially
   automated the tedious setting up process of the drawloom in which an
   operator lifted the warp threads using cords.

   This development is considered to be the first industrial application
   of a semi-automated machine.

   The cords of the warp were passed through the eyes of horizontal
   needles arranged to slide in a box. These were either raised or not
   depending on whether there was not or was a hole in the tape at that
   point.^[2] This was similar to the piano roll developed at the end of
   the 19th century and may have been inspired by the patterns that were
   traditionally drawn on squared paper.

   Three years later, his assistant Jean-Baptiste Falcon expanded the
   number of cords that could be handled by arranging the holes in rows
   and using rectangular cards that were joined together in an endless

   Though this eliminated mistakes in the lifting of threads, it still
   needed an extra operator to control it and the first attempt at
   automation was made by Jacques Vaucanson in 1745. But it was not until
   1805 that the wildly successful Jacquard mechanism was finally


    1. ^ Jean-Claude Heudin (2007). Les creatures artificielles : Des
       automates aux mondes virtuels [Artificial creatures: From automata
       to virtual worlds]. Odile Jacob. p. 73. ISBN 978-2-7381-2002-1.
    2. ^ Philip Morrison; Emily Morrison, eds. (1961). Charles Babbage and
       his Calculating Engines. New York: Dover Publications. xxxiv.
       ISBN 0486200124.

Further reading[edit]

     * Poncelet, Jean-Victor, Travaux de la Commission Franc,aise.
       L'Exposition Universelle de 1851, vol. 3, part 1 (Machines et
       outils appliques aux arts textiles), section 2, pages 348-349
       (1857). [Poncelet's history of the Jacquard loom is the basis for
       most subsequent accounts.]
     * Usher, Abbot Payson. A History of Mechanical Inventions. Revised
       edition. (Mineola, N.Y.: Dover Publications, Inc., 1988), pages
       289-291. (Originally published in 1929 by Harvard University Press
       in Cambridge, Mass.)
     * Randell, Brian, ed. The Origins of Digital Computers: Selected
       Papers, 3rd ed. (N.Y., N.Y.: Springer-Verlag, 1982), page 5.
     * Eymard, Paul (1863) "Historique du metier Jacquard" Annales des
       Sciences physiques et naturelles*, 3rd series, vol. 7, pages 34-56;
       see especially page 37. (* published in Lyon, France by Barret)
     * Ballot, Charles. L'introduction du machinisme dans l'industrie
       franc,aise. (Lille-Paris: F. Rieder, 1923), page 339.
     * Ballot, Charles. Revue d'histoire de Lyon: Etudes, Documents,
       Bibliographie (Lyon, France: A. Rey et Co., 1913), vol. 2, pages
     * Barlow, Alfred. The History and Principles of Weaving by Hand and
       by Power (London, England: Kessinger Publishing, 2007). See Chapter
       11. (Originally published in 1876 by Sampson Low, Marston, Searle &
       Rivington in London.)
     * History of Computers

External links[edit]

     * Photograph of replica of Bouchon loom

   Retrieved from
     * 18th-century French inventors
     * Textile workers
     * Engineers from Lyon

   Hidden categories:
     * Year of birth missing
     * Year of death missing

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